Friday, November 13, 2015
Introduction to Wildlife Rehabilitation: Beginner's Seminar [4 hours]
This seminar is ideal for those getting started in the field of wildlife rehabilitation. Discussion will include the Virginia permitting process, with a focus on helping the new wildlife rehabilitator decide which species he/she would like to and can rehabilitate. Wildlife laws, the wildlife rehabilitator’s code of ethics, and considerations on becoming a rehabilitator will be examined. Instructors will examine the who, what, when, where, and why of setting up a home rehabilitation room/facility, and will include information on stocking the appropriate equipment and supplies. The importance of natural history will be emphasized, and attendees will learn how to develop an animal nutrition plan. Finally, the seminar will examine the rehabilitation processes of an infant mammal and nestling songbird, from birth to release. Our case-study approach makes learning about wildlife rehabilitation fun and practical for the beginner!
Rabies Education for the Wildlife Rehabilitator [4 hours]
This half-day rabies education seminar is designed for wildlife professionals. Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system of infected mammals. According to RabiesWatch, rabies is the leading viral zoonosis in terms of global public health significance. Virginia and many other East Coast states (including New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina) have some of the highest reported cases of rabid wildlife in the country. Wildlife professionals caring for high-risk rabies species need to stay current on rabies information for both human and wildlife safety. This seminar will include discussion on epidemiology, transmission, exposure definitions, viral pathogenesis, diagnosis, Virginia statistics and reporting, and disease prevention. Expert speakers will also dispel common rabies myths and will review sample cases.
Dr. Charles Rupprecht, Steve Simpson, and Dr. Megan Kirchgessner
Saturday, November 14, 2015
This lecture will be a literature review of avian analgesia, primarily focusing on NSAIDS and opiods but with a lesser amount of information about local anesthetics, and other drugs.
Dr. Cristin Kelley, Tri-state Bird Rescue & Research
Introduction to Small Mammal Rehabilitation
This class is for those who are new to wildlife rehabilitation. Discussion will include the basic care of small mammals, such as gray squirrels, flying squirrels, opossums, and bunnies.
Jessie Cole, Rockfish Wildlife Sanctuary
Tool Time! Easy-to-Build Raptor Housing
Raptor enclosures can be easily constructed with standard dimensional lumber. Step-by-step guidelines will be given, and well as some pros and cons of utilizing Starplate domes and contractor-built cages. Topics include "lessons learned” on site selection, exterior walls, roofing, interior netting, doors, and raptor furniture.
Curt LeVan, Fort Valley Wildlife Center
Make No Bones About It: It’s Not All Metabolic Bone Disease
Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is a term often used inappropriately when discussing patients with an abnormal gait. This lecture will provide an in-depth explanation of MBD, including treatment and prevention in birds, reptiles, and mammals. Other differentials for lameness (an abnormal gait) will be covered as well.
Dr. Helen Ingraham, Wildlife Center of Virginia
It’s All About the Feather
Feathers are vital to survival of birds. Issues like insufficient waterproofing, contamination, and feather damage are frequently observed by the rehab community, and poor feather condition can delay the release of an otherwise healthy bird. Fortunately, there are some tried and true methods that address these concerns before they become long-term problems. This presentation will cover feather structure, decontamination, and damage prevention.
Samantha Christie & Meagan Demeter, Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research
Rehabilitation and Medical Care of Orphaned White-tailed Deer
Odocoileus virginianus inhabit the entire contiguous United States minus two or three states in the West. Each spring, rehabilitators receive “kidnapped” fawns found alone and mistaken for orphans. Public education and return or fostering offer the best chance for survival. When not possible, rehabilitation requires knowledge of natural history, GI anatomy, housing, handling, bottle feeding, rack training and browse. Discussion will include tips and tricks for rehab, plus common problems such as bloat, taming, and capture myopathy. Why rehabilitate fawns? They commonly carry zoonotic diseases like Cryptosporidium and Giardia. Keeping Bambi out of the hands of private citizens provides an important public health service.
Dr. Kelli Knight, Wildlife Center of Virginia
Flying Solo: A Roundtable Discussion for DIY Rehabilitators
At-home wildlife rehabilitators face a number of challenges – one fundamental challenge can be successfully and safely managing the admission and care of patients on your own! How do wildlife rehabilitators manage to work alone and get things done? Join us for this interactive roundtable discussion on flying solo. A panel of rehabilitators will be available to kick off the discussion, but we want to hear everyone’s tips and tricks!
Leslie Sturges, Curt LeVan, and Lynn Oliver
Wildcat Creek Wildlife Center raises 100 - 140 orphaned raccoons annually. This presentation will cover diet guidelines, vaccine protocols, antiparasitics, housing, enrichment, release considerations and site selection.
Denise Hays, Wildcat Creek Wildlife Center
This workshop will cover avian fracture stabilization techniques for rehabilitators. This session will also explore the range of materials available and their uses. The practical section will use cadavers of various avian species, highlighting species-specific issues and using creative stabilization to reduce stress and increase the release possibilities.
Dr. Lynn Miller
WILD-ONe: A Four-Year Summary of Amazing Rehabilitation Record-keeping
WILD-ONe is a free online patient management system designed specifically for the wildlife rehabilitation community. The project goals are to: 1) build an online patient record system allowing wildlife rehabilitators to more quickly and accurately record and access patient information; and 2) consolidate basic patient information entered from participating sites to create an extensive database that can be used for monitoring trends in wildlife health and natural history. To date, more than 170,000 patients have been entered into the WILD-ONe database, giving us amazing insights into the animals seen by wildlife rehabilitators. This talk will summarize observed trends and discuss how the information might be used and how rehabbers can participate.
Dr. Dave McRuer, Wildlife Center of Virginia
Bringing Up Baby Bats
Learn about raising bats from soup to nuts! Bats cause great consternation for many rehabbers because they are one of the smallest mammals, are incredibly intelligent, and grow like songbirds. In the rehab community, there is conflicting information about diets, housing, and release. This talk will address common questions, like “what is it?”, “what do I feed it?”, “why isn’t it flying yet?”, and “can I ever release it?”.
Leslie Sturges, The Save Lucy Campaign
Monitoring Virginia’s Amphibians and Reptiles
With more than 84 species of amphibians and 66 species of reptiles, Virginia has an especially rich herpetofaunal heritage. Yet, more than one third of species are threatened by habitat degradation and loss, unsustainable use, pollution, and disease. Working with universities and other institutions, NGOs and federal and state partners, the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries is supporting research to surveil, assess, and monitor the conservation status of more than a dozen species or communities of amphibians and reptiles in the Commonwealth. This discussion will provide an overview of several of these projects, including species of all major taxa from across Virginia.
Ellery Ruther, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute
Sunday, November 15, 2015
Wildlife First Responders
This presentation provides information and guidelines on wildlife triage. When a wild animal is brought to a rehabilitation center, an important and careful decision must be made (based on the severity of the animal’s injuries) on whether to treat or humanely euthanize. Through case studies, this presentation walks rehabilitators through the process of wildlife triage, indications for euthanasia, and the basics of emergency stabilization and supportive care.
Dr. Karen Alroy, City Wildlife
Lead in Wildlife
A wide range of species admitted to rehabilitation centres are impacted by lead ingestion, with sources ranging from ballistics and fishing gear to building materials. The resulting toxic assault may result in a range of responses from mild symptoms to death. This presentation will review the sources of lead, the species impacted, species tolerances, lead testing and treatment, and potential outcomes. The protocols developed at the Lead Conference 2015 being hosted by the Cape Wildlife Center will be reviewed.
Dr. Lynn Miller
Zoonotic Diseases of Concern
This lecture will provide an overview of the main zoonotic diseases of concern that can be contracted from our wildlife patients. The class will cover organisms from mammals, reptiles, and birds. The review of each disease will include signs and symptoms in animals and people, where it is found, and how it can be prevented or treated. A brief review of avian influenza over the past year will also be included.
Dr. Will Sander, City Wildlife
Common Wound Successes Case Study
This presentation will highlight the amazing healing powers of the wildlife we work with! Discussion will focus on two interesting, successful wound cases that came through the doors at Woodlands Wildlife Refuge. One was a fox with a foot trap injury, and the other a fox with a large facial injury. Photos and details about these cases will include the entire treatment process.
Heather Freeman, Woodlands Wildlife Refuge
This presentation will provide rehabbers with a basic overview of wildlife crime investigations. The information shared will reflect what rehabbers should be on the lookout for and what information is important to retain in order to help solve a wildlife crime.
Chance Dobbs, Virginia Department of Game & Inland Fisheries
Honey in Wound Management
This lecture will cover the properties of honey, types, and preparations of honey for medical use, and current medical uses of honey in wound management.
Dr. Cristin Kelley, Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research
Education Program Basics: How to Get Started
One of the most important aspects of wildlife rehabilitation is prevention; we can help wild animals avoid the need for care by educating the public about wildlife. Education programs at schools and public venues can be important tools for educating and engaging your community. This class will explore what individual rehabilitators need to begin an outreach and education program that uses live animals. We’ll cover logistics, program themes, animal selection, and the permitting process. At the end of this class, you should have a clear idea about how to start a small-scale education program.
Raina Krasner, Wildlife Center of Virginia
Perfecting Your Physical Exam
This session will provide a lecture and hands-on laboratory, highlighting the intricacies of performing physical exams on species such as songbirds, raptors, wild mammals, and reptiles. The lecture will outline how to perform a thorough and complete physical exam, with additional information regarding how to identify common injuries seen in a wildlife rehabilitation setting. The laboratory will include cadaver examples of common injuries that can be detected on physical exam, such as luxations, fractures, and turtle aural abscesses.
Dr. Dana Franzen, Wildlife Center of Virginia
The One and the Many: Ethical Implications of Wildlife in Captivity
The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation requires that we preserve wildlife for the public trust, sustaining wildlife for current and future generations. But what of our obligation to the wildlife itself? In this workshop we'll explore together the ethical implications of wild individuals in rehabilitation, education, and research.
Dr. Tamara Johnstone-Yellin, Bridgewater College